Outcome Chart - Manitoba - English Language Arts 8


General Outcome 1:

Students will listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent to explore thoughts, ideas, feelings, and experiences.

1.1 Discover and Explore

1.1.1 Express Ideas

Explore diverse ideas to develop predictions, opinions, conclusions, and understanding.

1.1.2 Consider Others’ Ideas

Integrate new understanding with previous viewpoints and interpretations.

1.1.3 Experiment with Language and Form

Experiment with memorable language to convey personal perceptions, feelings, experiences, thoughts, and ideas in various forms.

1.1.4 Express Preferences

Pursue personal interest in specific genres by particular writers, artists, storytellers, and filmmakers.

1.1.5 Set Goals

Self-monitor growth in language learning and use, using predetermined criteria.

1.2 Clarify and Extend

1.2.1 Develop Understanding

Discuss the importance of reflecting on prior experiences and knowledge to revise conclusions and understandings.

1.2.2 Explain Opinions

Articulate, represent, and explain personal viewpoints clearly.

1.2.3 Combine Ideas

Structure and restructure ideas and information in personally meaningful ways to clarify and extend understanding.

1.2.4 Extend Understanding

Reconsider initial understanding in light of new information, and ask clarifying questions; listen to diverse opinions and recognize ambiguity.

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General Outcome 2: Students will listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent to comprehend and respond personally and critically to oral, literary, and media texts.

2.1 Use Strategies and Cues

2.1.1 Prior Knowledge

Make connections between previous experiences, prior knowledge, and a variety of texts, and apply them to new contexts.

2.1.2 Comprehension Strategies

Use a variety of comprehension strategies [including adjusting reading rate, summarizing main ideas, SQ3R, structured overviews, and checking with peers] to make sense of familiar and unfamiliar texts and remember ideas.

2.1.3 Textual Cues

Use textual cues [such as the structures and elements of specific genres…] to construct and confirm meaning and interpret texts.

2.1.4 Cueing Systems

Use syntactic, semantic, and graphophonic cueing systems [including word order; sentence structure; context clues; structural analysis to identify foreign roots, prefixes, and suffixes] to construct and confirm meaning and interpret texts [including meaning of specialized and technical vocabulary].

2.2 Respond to Texts

2.2.1 Experience Various Texts

Experience texts from a variety of forms and genres [such as magazine articles, diaries, drama, advertisements…] and cultural traditions; compare own interpretations to those of others.

2.2.2 Connect Self, Texts, and Culture

Discuss how similar ideas, people, experiences, and traditions are conveyed in various oral, literary, and media texts [including texts about Canada or by Canadian writers].

2.2.3 Appreciate the Artistry of Texts

Identify and describe techniques used to create mood in oral, literary, and media texts.

2.3 Understand Forms and Techniques

2.3.1 Forms and Genre

Demonstrate appreciation for the appropriate use of various forms and genres according to purpose, audience, and content.

2.3.2 Techniques and Elements

Identify a variety of techniques [such as characterization, word choice, framing, angle…] used to create particular effects or to portray various cultures in oral, literary, and media texts.

2.3.3 Vocabulary

Explore factors [such as history, social trends, geographic isolation…] that influence word families and the evolution of language.

2.3.4 Experiment with Language

Identify creative uses of language in popular culture [such as commercials, advertisements, rock videos…]; explain how imagery and figures of speech create tone and mood in texts.

2.3.5 Create Original Texts

Create original texts [such as descriptions, panel discussions, impersonations, collages, timelines, documentary videos, journals or diaries…] to communicate and demonstrate understanding of forms and techniques.

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General Outcome 3: Students will listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent to manage ideas and information.

3.1 Plan and Focus

3.1.1 Use Personal Knowledge

Determine personal knowledge of a topic to generate possible areas of inquiry or research.

3.1.2 Ask Questions

Formulate relevant main and subordinate questions on a topic to establish a purpose for gathering information.

3.1.3 Contribute to Group Inquiry

Contribute ideas, knowledge and strategies to help identify group information needs and sources.

3.1.4 Create and Follow a Plan

Prepare and use a plan to access, gather, and record in own words relevant information.

3.2 Select and Process

3.2.1 Identify Personal and Peer Knowledge

Access, record, and appraise personal and peer knowledge and understanding of a topic to establish an information base for inquiry or research.

3.2.2 Identify Sources

Distinguish between fact and opinion when inquiring or researching using a variety of information sources [such as artifacts, debates, forums, biographies, autobiographies…].

3.2.3 Assess Sources

Develop and use criteria for evaluating information sources for a particular inquiry or research plan.

3.2.4 Access Information

Recall, expand, and use a variety of skills [including visual and auditory] to access information and ideas from a variety of sources [including subtitles, marginal notes and key words, electronic searches, previews and reviews, visual effects, and sound effects].

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3.2.5 Make Sense of Information

Construct meaning using direct statements, implied meaning, and inferences; adjust rate of reading or viewing according to purpose, topic, density of information, and organizational patterns of text.

3.3 Organize, Record, and Assess

3.3.1 Organize Information

Organize information and ideas in order of priority according to topic and task requirements.

3.3.2 Record Information

Make notes in point form, summarizing major ideas and supporting details; reference sources.

3.3.3 Evaluate Information

Set aside personal bias to evaluate the relevance and importance of information collected; address information gaps for particular forms, audiences, and purposes.

3.3.4 Develop New Understanding

Incorporate new information with prior knowledge and experiences; adjust inquiry and research strategies to accommodate changing perspectives and availability of pertinent information.

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General Outcome 4: Students will listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent to enhance the clarity and artistry of communication.

4.1 Generate and Focus

4.1.1 Generate Ideas

Experiment with several ways to generate ideas and focus a topic.

4.1.2 Choose Forms

Compose using specific forms [such as biographies, letters to the editor, newspaper articles, audio-visual presentations…] that ensure a match between content, audience, and purpose.

4.1.3 Organize Ideas

Identify and use a variety of organizational patterns [such as rising action, pyramid structure, cause and effect, comparison and contrast, sequence…] in own oral, written, and visual texts; compose effective introductions and conclusions.

4.2 Enhance and Improve

4.2.1 Appraise Own and Others’ Work

Share own work in a variety of ways; appraise particular aspects [such as word choice, description, language usage, organization, audience appeal…] of own and others’ work and presentations using pre-established criteria.

4.2.2 Revise Content

Revise to enhance meaning and effect according to audience and purpose.

4.2.3 Enhance Legibility

Format for legibility and emphasis when composing and revising; enhance the coherence and impact of documents using electronic editing functions [such as cut, paste, copy, insert…].

4.2.4 Enhance Artistry

Experiment with figures of speech and compound and complex sentences to clarify and combine ideas; provide effective descriptions.

4.2.5 Enhance Presentation

Prepare compositions, reports, presentations, and inquiry or research projects using a variety of organizers [such as chapters, table of contents, headings, introduction, conclusion…].

4.3 Attend to Conventions

4.3.1 Grammar and Usage

Edit for sentence variety, word choice, and tone appropriate to audience and purpose, and to eliminate misplaced modifiers.

4.3.2 Spelling (see Strategies)

Know spelling conventions and apply them to familiar and unfamiliar words; use appropriate resources when editing and proofreading.

4.3.3 Punctuation and Capitalization

Know and apply capitalization and punctuation conventions consistently in a variety of sentence structures and written forms when editing and proofreading.

4.4 Present and Share

4.4.1 Share Ideas and Information

Plan and facilitate small-group activities and short, whole-class sessions to share information on a topic using a variety of engaging methods [such as mini-lessons, role-plays, visual aids…].

4.4.2 Effective Oral Communication

Explain, share, and present orally using appropriate conventions of public speaking in a variety of settings [such as small-group and whole-class presentations…]; use visual aids to enhance the effectiveness of oral presentations.

4.4.3 Attentive Listening and Viewing

Demonstrate critical listening and viewing skills and strategies [such as activating prior knowledge, integrating new information, evaluating the effectiveness of the introduction and conclusion…] and show respect for presenter(s).

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General Outcome 5: Students will listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent to celebrate and to build community.

5.1 Develop and Celebrate Community

5.1.1 Compare Responses

Express personal reactions to a variety of experiences and texts and compare them with the reactions of others.

5.1.2 Relate Texts to Culture

Recognize ways in which oral, literary, and media texts capture specific elements of a culture or period in history.

5.1.3 Appreciate Diversity

Interpret the choices and motives of individuals encountered in oral, literary and media texts and examine how they relate to self and others; discuss personal participation and responsibility in communities.

5.1.4 Celebrate Special Occasions

Use appropriate language to participate in public events, occasions, or traditions.

5.2 Encourage, Support, and Work with Others

5.2.1 Cooperate with Others

Engage in dialogue to understand the feelings and viewpoints of others and contribute to group harmony.

5.2.2 Work in Groups

Organize and complete tasks cooperatively and collaboratively; evaluate group productivity and efficiency.

5.2.3 Use Language to Show Respect

Demonstrate respect for other people’s language, history, and culture.

5.2.4 Evaluate Group Process

Evaluate the quality of own contributions to group process and set goals and plans for development of personal skills; evaluate group process and plan for growth.

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