Outcome Chart - Manitoba - English Language Arts 6


General Outcome 1:

Students will listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent to explore thoughts, ideas, feelings, and experiences.

1.1 Discover and Explore

1.1.1 Express Ideas

Engage in exploratory communication to share personal responses, make predictions, and discover own interpretations.

1.1.2 Consider Others’ Ideas

Select from others’ ideas and observations to develop thinking and understanding.

1.1.3 Experiment with Language and Form

Experiment with new forms of self-expression.

1.1.4 Express Preferences

Assess personal collection of favourite oral, literary, and media texts and discuss preferences for particular forms.

1.1.5 Set Goals

Assess personal language use and revise personal goals to enhance language learning and use.

1.2 Clarify and Extend

1.2.1 Develop Understanding

Reflect on prior knowledge and experiences to arrive at new understanding.

1.2.2 Explain Opinions

Explain personal viewpoints in clear and meaningful ways and revise personal understanding.

1.2.3 Combine Ideas

Search for ways to reorganize ideas and information to extend understanding.

1.2.4 Extend Understanding

Appraise ideas for clarity and ask extending questions; select from others’ experiences and ideas to extend ways of knowing the world.

MediaSmarts Resources

General Outcome 2: Students will listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent to comprehend and respond personally and critically to oral, literary, and media texts.

2.1 Use Strategies and Cues

2.1.1 Prior Knowledge

Seek connections between previous experiences, prior knowledge, and a variety of texts.

2.1.2 Comprehension Strategies

Use comprehension strategies [such as asking questions, making notes, adjusting reading rate …] appropriate to the type of text and purpose [including summarizing, outlining, remembering ideas, and responding personally].

2.1.3 Textual Cues

Use textual cues [such as organizational structures of narrative and expository texts, headings, glossaries, margin notes…] to construct and confirm meaning.

2.1.4 Cueing Systems

Use syntactic, semantic, and graphophonic cueing systems [including word order, context clues; and multiple meanings of words, structural analysis to identify roots, prefixes, and suffixes] to construct and confirm meaning; use a dictionary to determine word meaning in context.

2.2 Respond to Texts

2.2.1 Experience Various Texts

Seek opportunities to experience texts from a variety of forms and genres [such as autobiographies, travelogues, comics…] and cultural traditions; share responses.

2.2.2 Connect Self, Texts, and Culture

Discuss own and others’ understanding of various community and cultural traditions in various places and times as portrayed in oral, literary, and media texts [including texts about Canada or by Canadian writers].

2.2.3 Appreciate the Artistry of Texts

Identify descriptive and figurative language in oral, literary, and media texts and discuss how it enhances understanding of people, places, and action.

2.3 Understand Forms and Techniques

2.3.1 Forms and Genre

Recognize key characteristics of various forms and genres of oral, literary, and media texts [such as novels, biographies, autobiographies, myths, poetry, drawings, and prints…].

2.3.2 Techniques and Elements

Identify significant elements and techniques in oral, literary, and media texts, and examine how they interact to create effects.

2.3.3 Vocabulary

Experiment with ambiguity in language [such as puns, jokes based on multiple meanings, poetry…] in a variety of contexts.

2.3.4 Experiment with Language

Alter words, forms, and sentence patterns to create new versions of texts for a variety of purposes [such as humour…]; explain ways in which figures of speech [such as similes, metaphors…] clarify and enhance meaning.

2.3.5 Create Original Texts

Create original texts [such as letters, short stories, media broadcasts, plays, poems, video presentations, readers’ theater…] to communicate and demonstrate understanding of forms and techniques.

MediaSmarts Resources

General Outcome 3: Students will listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent to manage ideas and information.

3.1 Plan and Focus

3.1.1 Use Personal Knowledge

Summarize and focus personal knowledge of a topic to determine information needs.

3.1.2 Ask Questions

Formulate relevant questions to focus information needs for an inquiry.

3.1.3 Contribute to Group Inquiry

Contribute to group knowledge of topics to help identify and focus information needs, sources, and purposes for group inquiry or research.

3.1.4 Create and Follow a Plan

Create and follow a plan to collect and record information within a pre-established time frame.

3.2 Select and Process

3.2.1 Identify Personal and Peer Knowledge

Recall, record and organize personal and peer knowledge of a topic for inquiry or research.

3.2.2 Identify Sources

Answer inquiry and research questions using a variety of information sources [such as bulletin boards, classroom displays art, music, skilled community people, CD-ROMs, Internet…].

3.2.3 Assess Sources

Recognize that information serves different purposes and determine its usefulness for inquiry or research focus using pre-established criteria.

3.2.4 Access Information

Use a variety of tools [including bibliographies, thesauri, and technology] to access information and ideas; use visual and auditory cues [such as captions, intonation, staging …] to identify relevant information.

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3.2.5 Make Sense of Information

Use organizational patterns of oral, visual, and written texts [including main ideas and supporting details, explanation, comparison and contrast, cause and effect, and sequence] to construct meaning; skim, scan and read closely to gather information.

3.3 Organize, Record, and Assess

3.3.1 Organize Information

Organize information and ideas using a variety of strategies and techniques [such as comparing and contrasting, classifying and sorting according to subtopics, sequences, order of priority or importance…].

3.3.2 Record Information

Make notes on a topic, combining information from more than one source; reference sources appropriately.

3.3.3 Evaluate Information

Evaluate the appropriateness of information for a particular form, audience, and purpose; identify gaps in information collected and gather additional information.

3.3.4 Develop New Understanding

Relate gathered information to prior knowledge to reach conclusions or develop points of view; establish goals for developing further inquiry or research skills.

MediaSmarts Resources

General Outcome 4: Students will listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent to enhance the clarity and artistry of communication.

4.1 Generate and Focus

4.1.1 Generate Ideas

Focus a topic for oral, written, and visual texts integrating ideas from experiences and a variety of other sources.

4.1.2 Choose Forms

Select specific forms [such as diaries, narratives, speeches, letters, poetry, mime…] that serve particular audiences and purposes.

4.1.3 Organize Ideas

Adapt models from listening, reading, and viewing experiences to enhance own oral, written, and visual texts using organizational patterns [such as stanzas, chronological order, paragraphs…].

4.2 Enhance and Improve

4.2.1 Appraise Own and Others’ Work

Share own stories and creations at appropriate times during revision and use criteria to provide feedback for others and to revise and assess own work and presentations.

4.2.2 Revise Content

Revise to eliminate unnecessary information.

4.2.3 Enhance Legibility

Write legibly and at a pace appropriate to context and purpose when composing and revising; select and use a variety of formatting options [such as spacing, graphics, titles and headings, variety of font sizes and styles…] when appropriate.

4.2.4 Enhance Artistry

Choose language, sounds, and images [including transitional devices] to enhance meaning and emphasis.

4.2.5 Enhance Presentation

Prepare detailed and organized compositions, presentations, reports, and inquiry or research projects using templates or pre-established organizers.

4.3 Attend to Conventions

4.3.1 Grammar and Usage

Edit for subject-verb agreement, appropriate verb tense, and correct pronoun references.

4.3.2 Spelling (see Strategies)

Know and apply spelling conventions using appropriate strategies [including structural analysis, syllabication, and visual memory] and spelling patterns when editing and proofreading; use a variety of resources to determine the spelling of common exceptions to conventional spelling patterns.

4.3.3 Punctuation and Capitalization

Know and apply capitalization and punctuation conventions in compound sentences, titles, headings, salutations, and addresses when editing and proofreading.

4.4 Present and Share

4.4.1 Share Ideas and Information

Share information on a topic with class members in a planned and focused group session using a variety of strategies [such as interactive dialogues, demonstrations, dramatizations, audio-visual and artistic representations…].

4.4.2 Effective Oral Communication

Use appropriate volume, phrasing, intonation, non-verbal cues [such as body language, facial expression…], and presentation space to enhance communication.

4.4.3 Attentive Listening and Viewing

Demonstrate critical listening and viewing skills and strategies [such as recognizing main idea and details, identifying inference…] and show respect for presenter(s) through appropriate audience behaviours [such as giving non-verbal encouragement, responding to emotional aspects of the presentation…].

MediaSmarts Resources

General Outcome 5: Students will listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent to celebrate and to build community.

5.1 Develop and Celebrate Community

5.1.1 Compare Responses

Compare personal ways of responding and thinking with those of others.

5.1.2 Relate Texts to Culture

Incorporate language from oral, literary, and media texts to describe personal perspectives on cultural representations.

5.1.3 Appreciate Diversity

Observe and discuss aspects of human nature revealed in personal experiences and in oral, literary, and media texts; recognize personal participation and responsibility in communities.

5.1.4 Celebrate Special Occasions

Explore and experiment with various ways in which language is used across cultures, age groups, and genders to honour and celebrate people and events.

5.2 Encourage, Support, and Work with Others

5.2.1 Cooperate with Others

Assist group members to maintain focus and complete tasks; identify and solve group process issues.

5.2.2 Work in Groups

Select and assume roles to assist in the achievement of group goals; engage in on-going feedback.

5.2.3 Use Language to Show Respect

Demonstrate sensitivity to appropriate language use and tone when communicating orally.

5.2.4 Evaluate Group Process

Assess own contributions to group process, set personal goals for enhancing work with others, monitor group process using checklists, and set group goals.

MediaSmarts Resources