Spoken Language 12

Curricular Competencies

Using oral, written, visual, and digital texts, students are expected individually and collaboratively to be able to:

Comprehend and connect (reading, listening, viewing)

  • Understand and appreciate the role of story, narrative, and oral tradition in expressing First Peoples perspectives, values, beliefs, and points of view
  • Understand the diversity within and across First Peoples societies as represented in texts
  • Use information for diverse purposes and from a variety of sources
  • Evaluate the relevance, accuracy, and reliability of texts
  • Select and apply appropriate strategies in a variety of contexts to comprehend written, oral, visual, and multimodal texts, to guide inquiry, and to transform thinking
  • Understand and appreciate how different forms, formats, structures, and features of texts reflect a variety of purposes, audiences, and messages
  • Think critically, creatively, and reflectively to analyze ideas within, between, and beyond texts
  • Identify and understand the role of personal, social, and cultural contexts, values, and perspectives in texts
  • Appreciate and understand how language constructs personal, social, and cultural identities
  • Construct meaningful personal connections between self, text, and world
  • Evaluate how techniques and devices enhance and shape meaning and impact

Create and communicate (writing, speaking, representing)

  • Respectfully exchange ideas and viewpoints from diverse perspectives to build shared understanding and transform thinking
  • Respond to text in personal, creative, and critical ways
  • Select and apply speaking and listening skills in a variety of formal and informal contexts for a range of purposes
  • Select and apply appropriate spoken language formats for an intended purpose
  • Use writing and design processes to plan, develop, and create engaging and meaningful texts for a variety of purposes and audiences
  • Express and support an opinion with evidence to achieve purpose
  • Evaluate and refine oral texts to improve clarity, effectiveness, and impact
  • Use acknowledgements and citations to recognize intellectual property rights
  • Transform ideas and information to create original texts, using various genres, forms, structures, and styles

MediaSmarts Resources

Advertising and Male Violence
Beyond Media Messages: Media Portrayal of Global Development
Bias and Crime in Media
Digital Outreach for Civic Engagement
Digital Storytelling for Civic Engagement
Diversity and Media Ownership
Hoax? Scholarly Research? Personal Opinion? You Decide!
Making Media for Democratic Citizenship
Marketing to Teens: Alternate Ads
Marketing to Teens: Gender Roles in Advertising
Marketing to Teens: Gotta Have It! Designer & Brand Names
Marketing to Teens: Marketing Tactics
Marketing to Teens: Parody Ads - Lesson
Marketing to Teens: Talking Back
Online Cultures and Values
Remixing Media
Unpacking Privilege
Watching the Elections
Who's Telling My Story?


Students are expected to know the following:

Text forms and genres

Creative spoken genres

Text features and structures

  • Oral language features and structures
  • form, function, and genre of texts
  • features and structures of First Peoples texts
  • narrative structures found in First Peoples texts
  • issues related to the ownership of First Peoples oral texts and protocols for their use
  • the legal status of First Peoples oral tradition in Canada

Strategies and processes

  • multimodal writing strategies
  • metacognitive strategies
  • writing processes
  • reading strategies
  • oral language strategies
  • presentation techniques

Language features, structures, and conventions

  • features of oral language
  • elements of style
  • usage and conventions
  • citation techniques
  • literary elements and devices
  • literal and figurative meaning

MediaSmarts Resources

Camera Shots
Digital Storytelling for Civic Engagement
Hoax? Scholarly Research? Personal Opinion? You Decide!
How to Analyze the News
Political Cartoons
Remixing Media
Suffragettes and Iron Ladies
The Citizen Reporter