Outcome Chart - NWT - English Language Arts 12 (ELA 30-1)

Listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent to explore thoughts, ideas, feelings, and experiences

Form Tentative Understandings, Interpretations and Positions

  • draw from a repertoire of effective strategies to form tentative understandings, interpretations and positions

Experiment with Language, Image and Structure

  • explain how experiments with language, image and structure improve personal craft and increase effectiveness as a text creator

Consider New Perspectives

  • recognize and assess the strengths and limitations of various perspectives on a theme, issue or topic; and identify aspects for further consideration when exploring and responding to texts
  • analyze and evaluate how various topics and themes, text forms, text types and text creators influence own and others’ understandings, attitudes and aspirations

Express Preferences and Expand Interests

  • reflect on personal text preferences, identity influences that have contributed to the formation of these preferences and selected strategies that may be used to expand interests in tests and text creators
  • cultivate appreciation for a variety of genres, text creators and texts in translation from other countires


Listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent to comprehend literature and other texts in oral, print, visual and multimedia forms, and respond personally, critically, and creatively

Discern and Analyze Content

  • explain the text creator’s purpose, including implicit purpose when applicable, describe whether or not the purpose was achieved and assess the suitability of the text to the target audience
  • describe how societal forces can influence the production of texts explain the relationships between text and context, in terms of how elements in an environment can affect the way in which text is created identify the impact that personal context – experience, prior knowledge – has on constructing meaning from a text

Understand and Interpret Content

  • analyze the personality traits, roles, relationships, motivations, attitudes and values of characters developed/persons presented in literature and other texts; and explain how the use of archetypes can contribute to the development of other textual elements, such as theme
  • assess the contributions that visual and aural elements make to the meaning of texts

Relate Form, Structure and Medium to Purpose, Audience and Content

  • assess the potential influence of various audience factors on a text creator’s choice of form and medium


These outcomes can be found in many lessons available from the Lesson Library, including:

Relate Elements, Devices and Techniques to Created Effects

  • assess the contributions of textual elements and stylistic techniques to the creation of atmosphere, tone and voice
  • assess the use of musical devices, figures of speech and sensory details to create effects in a variety of print and nonprint texts
  • explain the contribution of motif and symbol to controlling idea and theme
  • assess the use of persuasive techniques and their effects on audience


Connect Self, Text, Culture and Milieu

  • identify and consider personal moral and ethical perspectives, as well as cultural perspectives, when studying literature and other texts; and reflect on and monitor how perspectives change as a result of interpretation and discussion
  • form positions on issues that arise from text study; and assess the ideas, information, arguments, emotions, experiences, values and beliefs expressed in works of literature and other texts in light of issues that are personally meaningful and culturally significant
  • respond personally and critically to the ways in which cultural and societal influences are reflected in a variety of Canadian and international texts


Evaluate the Verisimilitude, Appropriateness and Significance of Print and Nonprint Texts

  • identify criteria to evaluate the effectiveness of texts, monitor the effectiveness of the criteria, and modify the criteria as needed
  • analyze and assess images in print and nonprint texts in terms of created reality and appropriateness to purpose and audience

Appreciate the Effectiveness and Artistry of Print and Nonprint Texts

  • use terminology appropriate to the forms studied for discussing and appreciating the effectiveness and artistry of a variety of text forms
  • appreciate the craft of the text creator and the shape and substance of literature and other texts


listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent to manage ideas and information

Plan Inquiry or Research, and Identify Information Needs and Sources

  • develop and draw from a repertoire of effective strategies and technologies for gathering, generating and recording information

Evaluate Sources, and Assess Information

  • reflect on and describe strategies for evaluating information sources and for detecting bias; select and monitor appropriate strategies; and modify selected strategies as needed to evaluate sources and detect bias
  • assess information sources for credibility and for appropriateness to purpose, audience and presentation form
  • assess the accuracy, completeness and currency of information selected from sources; and assess the relevance and appropriateness of the information to purpose
  • identify and describe possible biases and vested interests of sources; and explain how underlying assumptions, biases, and positive or negative spin affect the credibility of sources



Listen, speak, read, write, view and represent to create oral, print, visual and multimedia texts, and enhance clarity and artistry of communication

Assess Text Creation Context

  • reflect on the purposes for text creation and on own motives for selecting strategies to engage an audience; and consider potential consequences of choices regarding text creation
  • analyze audience factors that affect text creation, and explain how consideration of audience factors has affected choices made while creating a text

Consider and Address Form, Structure and Medium

  • select, or develop, a text form appropriate to the purpose for text creation and consistent with the content to be presented in the text
  • use a variety of complex structures consistent with form, content and purpose when creating texts; and explain reasons for choices
  • select an effective medium appropriate to content and context, and explain the interplay of medium, context and content
  • understand the concept of convention; and apply it to oral, print, visual and multimedia text forms when appropriate
  • depart from the conventions of oral, print, visual and multimedia texts, as appropriate to purpose, audience and situation and assess the impact on text creation

Develop Content

  • take ownership of text creation, by selecting or crafting a topic, concept or idea that is personally meaningful and engaging
  • recognize and assess personal variables and contextual variables that influence the selection of a topic, concept or idea; and address these variables to increase the likelihood of successful text creation
  • establish a focus for text creation, and communicate scope by framing an effective controlling idea or describing a strong unifying effect

Use Production, Publication and Presentation Strategies and Technologies Consistent with Content

  • meet production, publication and display requirements for print texts as appropriate to purpose, audience, and situation
  • adapt presentation strategies to suit changes in purpose, audience and situation


Listen, speak, read, write, view and represent to respect, support and collaborate with others

Use Language and Image to Show Respect and Consideration

  • analyze and describe language and image; used in literature and other texts to convey respectful and considerate, or disrespectful and inconsiderate, perspectives and attitudes
  • analyze and describe positive or negative portrayals of characters in literature and persons in life, and be sensitive to the feelings of others
  • analyze behavioural expectations of a communication situation, explain how verbal and nonverbal communication contributes to the inclusion or exclusion of individuals involved in a communication situation, and use verbal and nonverbal communication that is inclusive of other individuals

Appreciate Diversity of Expression, Opinion and Perspective

  • explain how selected works of literature and other print and nonprint texts convey, shape and, at times, challenge individual and group values and behaviours
  • explain how a text creator’s underlying assumptions influence his or her ideas, opinions and selection of supporting details