Outcome Chart - Ontario - Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life 12 MEL4E

Reasoning With Data

Overall Expectations

Students will:

  • determine and represent probability, and identify and interpret its applications.

Specific Expectations

Students will:

  • determine the theoretical probability of an event (i.e., the ratio of the number of favourable outcomes to the total number of possible outcomes, where all outcomes are equally likely), and represent the probability in a variety of ways (e.g., as a fraction, as a percent, as a decimal in the range 0 to 1)
  • identify examples of the use of probability in the media (e.g., the probability of rain, of winning a lottery, of wait times for a service exceeding specified amounts) and various ways in which probability is represented (e.g., as a fraction, as a percent, as a decimal in the range 0 to 1)
  • perform simple probability experiments (e.g., rolling number cubes, spinning spinners, flipping coins, playing Aboriginal stick-and-stone games), record the results, and determine the experimental probability of an event
  • interpret information involving the use of probability and statistics in the media, and describe how probability and statistics can help in making informed decisions in a variety of situations (e.g., weighing the risk of injury when considering different occupations; using a weather forecast to plan outdoor activities; using sales data to stock a clothing store with appropriate styles and sizes)

Lessons that meet Grade 12 expectations

Gambling in the Media