Break the Fake: What’s in the frame? Lesson Plan

Level: Kindergarten to Grade 2

Duration: 20-30 minutes plus time for the optional assessment/evaluation and extension activities

About the Author: Matthew Johnson, Director of Education, MediaSmarts

This lesson plan is part of the Break the Fake project. This project has been made possible in part by the Government of Canada.

This lesson is part of USE, UNDERSTAND & CREATE: A Digital Media Literacy Framework for Canadian Schools.


In this lesson, students are introduced to the idea that what they see in media can be deceptive. They explore the idea that media are “framed” by their creators and consider what parts of the world are left out of the frame.

Learning Outcomes

Students will:

  • Learn that not all online content is reliable
  • Understand media literacy key concepts:
    • Media are constructions
    • Each medium is a unique aesthetic form
  • Create a critical media text

Download the What’s in the Frame? slideshow.

This lesson and all associated documents (handouts, overheads, backgrounders) are available in an easy-print, pdf kit version.