Science for Citizens 11

Curricular Competencies

Students are expected to be able to do the following:

Questioning and predicting

  • Demonstrate a sustained intellectual curiosity about a scientific topic or problem of personal, local, or global interest
  • Make observations aimed at identifying their own questions, including increasingly abstract ones, about the natural world
  • Formulate multiple hypotheses and predict multiple outcomes

Planning and conducting

  • Use appropriate SI units and appropriate equipment, including digital technologies, to systematically and accurately collect and record data
  • Apply the concepts of accuracy and precision to experimental procedures and data:
    • significant figures
    • uncertainty
    • scientific notation

Processing and analyzing data and information

  • Use local knowledge to experience and interpret the local environment
  • Construct, analyze, and interpret graphs, models, and/or diagrams
  • Use knowledge of scientific concepts to draw conclusions that are consistent with evidence
  • Analyze cause-and-effect relationships


  • Evaluate their methods and experimental conditions, including identifying sources of error or uncertainty, confounding variables, and possible alternative explanations and conclusions
  • Describe specific ways to improve their investigation methods and
  • the quality of their data
  • Evaluate the validity and limitations of a model or analogy in relation
  • to the phenomenon modelled
  • Demonstrate an awareness of assumptions, question information given, and identify bias in their own work and in primary and secondary sources
  • Consider the changes in knowledge over time as tools and technologies have developed
  • Connect scientific explorations to careers in science
  • Exercise a healthy, informed skepticism and use scientific knowledge and findings to form their own investigations to evaluate claims in primary and secondary sources
  • Consider social, ethical, and environmental implications of the findings from their own and others’ investigations
  • Critically analyze the validity of information in primary and secondary sources and evaluate the approaches used to solve problems
  • Assess risks in the context of personal safety and social responsibility

MediaSmarts Resources

Authentication Beyond the Classroom
Hoax? Scholarly Research? Personal Opinion? You Decide!
Reality Check: Getting the Goods on Science and Health


Students are expected to know the following

  • evidence-based decision making through science
  • personal and public health practices, including First Peoples traditional health and healing practices
  • impact of technologies
  • impacts of technology in the workplace

MediaSmarts Resources

Forensic Science Crime Dramas
Reality Check: Getting the Goods on Science and Health
The Invisible Machine: Big Data and You