Online Sexual Exploitation: Who Is At Risk?
Recent research has shown that not all youth are equally at risk online, nor are all online activities equally risky. Rather, there are certain characteristics and online activities that could be considered risk markers – indications that someone is likely to take risks online and fall victim to online sexual solicitation. Many of these markers are the same as those used in the identification of at-risk youth; in general, the same youth are at risk online as offline. Most of these markers are not by themselves an indication that a youth is at risk: rather, it is a pattern of characteristics or activities – beginning at three of the known risk markers – that suggests a youth is vulnerable to online sexual solicitations.
MAJOR RISK MARKERS INCLUDE:
- Using chat rooms
- Talking about sex online
- Sending personal information or pictures to people known only online
- Seeking pornography online
- Using the Internet to harass or embarrass others
- Ages 13-17
- Gay or questioning sexuality if male
- Significant conflict with parents
- Offline physical or sexual abuse
WHO IS NOT AT RISK?
The vast majority of youth online face little risk of falling victim to online sexual solicitation, and most online activities carry no risk. In particular, the following are not associated with online sexual solicitation:
- Using social networking sites
- Using email or instant messaging
- Participating in online gaming or virtual worlds
- Age under 12