Quebec Competencies Chart - Sheroes and Heroes

Author: Kids Talk TV: Inside Out
Level: Elementary Cycles Two and Three
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Lesson Link: Sheroes and Heroes

Description: This lesson introduces students to some of the myth-building techniques of television, by comparing real world (s)heroes with TV world (s)heroes and by looking at stereotypes in the world of TV (s)heroes. The lesson begins with a discussion about the traits and characteristics that distinguish heroism in the real world and heroism in the fantasy world of television. In small groups, students will create lists of (s)heroes and heroes from television and from real life and, using props they have created, will present these people to fellow students. As an extension activity, students will write a short story about a real life hero that they know.

Cross-curricular Competencies

Broad Areas of Learning

  • To use information
  • To exercise critical judgement
  • To be creative
  • To use information and communications technologies for learning purposes
  • To develop his/her personal identity
  • Media Literacy
  • Social Relationships

 

This lesson satisfies the following English Language Arts Competencies from the Quebec Education Program:

Competency 1: To Read and Listen to Literary, Popular and Information-Based Texts

Essential Knowledges:

  • Uses prior knowledge and personal experience of the content of a text
  • Use of pictures and other graphic representations to interpret texts
  • Uses knowledge of the relationships between sounds and written symbols
  • Questions and talk with others to clarify and enrich interpretations
  • Makes predictions, confirmations and inferences, when prompted by the teacher
  • Makes connections to prior knowledge or to other texts
  • Uses different reading strategies according to the text type
  • Reads, listens to and views a range of self-selected and personally relevant texts that include:
    • Use of personal, social and cultural background and experiences to interpret texts
  • Develops a personal response process in the context of a community of readers through:
    • Discussion of responses with others individually, on small groups and in the whole class
    • Recount of the story and, with guidance, outline of information in a text
    • Development of opinions on literary or popular texts
    • Sharing of responses with others to clarify meaning and enrich interpretation
    • Comparing own responses with those of others at a beginner’s level
    • Discussing own response process at a beginner’s level
  • Moves beyond the initial response through:
    • Responses to texts in a variety of ways that include talking, writing, the Arts, Media
    • Early attempts to explain own views of a text
    • Support for own views with references to the text in small and large group discussions
    • Discussions of structures and features of text and their impact on the reader
    • Discussion of the structures and features of a text and their influence on the meaning of a text
    • Returning to a text to confirm interpretations and understandings in discussions with peers
    • Adjustment of own interpretations in the light of the responses of others at a beginner’s level
  • Sees a text as a construction through:
    • Suggestion of alternative endings or actions in a literary or popular text
    • Plausibility of events, characters, opinions and/or information in a text in relation to own values and experiences
    • Identification of some of the ways in which information is presented in popular and information-based texts
  • Understands the influence of familiar structures and features on the meaning of text through:
    • Identification of some structures and features of familiar text types
  • Begins to identify the view of the world presented in a text through:
    • Making of inferences, when prompted, about the view of the world presented by the text
    • Discussions, with guidance, of whose voices are heard and whose are missing in a text
    • Comparison, with guidance, of own values with some of the social, cultural and historical values in a literary text in teacher and peer discussions
  • Recognizes self as a member of a reading audience

Competency 2: To Write Self-expressive, Narrative and Information-based Texts

Essential Knowledges:

  • Writes to a familiar audience in order to express meaning(s):
    • Specific structures and features of familiar texts incorporated into own writing
    • Selection of ways to influence a familiar audience in self-expressive and narrative texts
  • Experiments with familiar structures and features of different text types in own writing:
    • Based on wide repertoire of texts read, viewed in the media and encountered in her/his community
    • To suit own purpose and audience
  • Develops concept of writer’s craft:
    • Guided discussion and questioning of texts read, listened to and produced in order to discover how the text works

Competency 3: To Represent Her/His Literacy in Different Media

Essential Knowledges:

  • Uses a repertoire of strategies to unlock messages/meanings in various media texts:
    • Use own questions in order to predict and confirm
    • Draw on prior experience with familiar media texts to understand how they are constructed
    • Rereads/looks again in order to clarify and extend understanding of a text
  • Uses structures and features of texts:
    • Compare structures and features of familiar media texts
    • Uses visual texts to communicate information in group productions of media texts
    • Uses familiar structures and features to respond to and produce media texts
    • Applies her/his understanding of the structures and features of a range of familiar (media) texts to unlock their messages/meanings 
  • Makes meaning of a media text by:
    • brainstorming
    • drawing on prior knowledge
    • sharing responses with peers
    • making connections to own experiences
    • returning to text
    • considering some of the functions of different, familiar media in relation to her/his understanding of the messages/meanings of a text
    • Using structures and features of the medium and text type in order to clarify meaning and explain her/his response, in collaboration with peers
    • Confirming, in collaboration with peers and teacher, that a media text can contain more than one meaning or message
    • Identifying and discussing some of the ways in which pictures, illustrations, popular symbols and signs and images enhance the messages/meanings in media texts designed for young viewers
    • Using text to support interpretation of characters’ points of view in narrative and popular texts
  • Consider some of the functions of the media through:
    • Collaboration with peers in pairs, small groups and whole class to clarify, decode and respond to media texts
    • Recognizing and naming of familiar media: television, radio, film, magazine, video, Internet, CD-ROM, children’s magazines
    • Identifying her/his understanding of the messages/meanings of familiar media texts
    • Looking at some functions of different, familiar media in relation to her/his understanding of the messages/meanings of a text
    • Describing some of the features of media texts, with content aimed at viewers of the same age and younger, that entertain, inform and promote
    • Locating examples from some features of age-appropriate texts that indicate the target audience
  • Understands that texts are social and cultural products through:
    • Own response and responses of others:
      • Compares own response with those of peers in order to support and enrich own understanding
      • Investigates, with teacher’s guidance, how different media text types construct reality for us
      • Explores, with guidance, some of the structures and features for communicating and presenting information in age-appropriate popular and information-based media texts
      • Explores how the structures and features of texts shape meaning for audience
  • Real and Imaginary Worlds
    • Explores, through discussion, how characters, incidents and/or events in media texts that tell a story relate to her/his personal experiences
    • Returns to text to make sense of real and imaginary events
    • Explores and discusses the distinguishing features of real and imaginary events and characters
    • Tentatively interprets the feelings, thoughts and motives of real and imaginary characters in discussions with peers
    • Explores the depiction of heroes and heroines, both imaginary and real, in the media

Production Process

  • Pre-Production:
    • Creation of criteria for guiding production:
      • Initial consideration, based on her/his knowledge of familiar text type
    • Exploratory planning in a risk-taking environment that promotes trial and error and includes:
      • Discussion about purpose, audience and context, in collaboration with teacher and peers
      • A familiar audience of peers, family and teacher
  • Production:
    • Production of the texts listed above in groups with peers that:
      • Incorporate appropriate communication strategies and resources given the text type and the context
  • Post Production:
    • In collaboration with group members:
      • Review of texts produced in order to focus on message/meaning
      • Presentation of text to intended audience

Competency 4: To Use Language to Communicate and Learn

Essential Knowledges:

  • Shares information with peers and teacher
  • Talks about responses and point of view with peers and teacher
  • Asks and answers questions from peers and teacher
  • Participates in collaborative improvisation and role-playing activities to communicate experiences and responses:
    • Spontaneous creation of a scene
    • Creation of a scene, given a framework
    • Enactment of stories heard or read
    • Experimentation with form
    • Modelling possible social roles and behaviours
    • Enactment of a specific solution or problem, during a process of discussion or problem solving
  • Responds to the ideas and points of view of others with sensitivity and interest
  • Talks through new ideas and information
  • Examining of alternative points of view and providing reasons for choosing one over the other
  • Uses language (talk) for learning and thinking by:
    • Participating in collaborative reading, writing, viewing, visually representing, listening and talking activities:
      • Writing, producing and reading together
      • Planning of a project
      • Brainstorming
    • Participating in role-playing, improvisation and storytelling activities to try out new ideas in new situations and for other purposes
    • Questioning and challenging of different points of view/perspectives
  • Listens critically